Environment Protection and Food Safety
Outbreak of FMD and Stamping Out Infected Animals
The most recent FMD crisis started from Andong area in the last November. For it took quite a long time to turn out to be FMD after the report of the outbreak and went through the incubation period, the FMD viruses already spread to other areas such as Paju, Kangwon, Choongchung, and Kyungnam by trucks carrying feeds and night soil. As of March 7, when the FMD is relieved, 150,000 heads of cattle and 3,320,000 pigs were killed. For instance, in 1997, 3,850,000 in Taiwan and 6,000,000 in U.K were destroyed.
Cause of FMD
Globalized economy under the neo-liberalism made the scale of agriculture bigger and bigger. Through development of transportation and telecommunication, people can go to other countries easily and various kinds of seeds and diseases also cross the border. In Korea, because of improvement of the standard of living, the increase in meat consumption caused growth of the amount of meat production. The problem is that the farms want to increase productivity in a short period of time. Main cause of the FMD outbreak is so-called overpopulated ‘factory farm’. Another reason is the wrong feed for the cattle such as genetically modified corn and assorted feed with antibiotic, growth hormone shot, and all sorts of chemical additives. In addition, human being’s desire for meat diet and money raised today’s FMD crisis.
FMD and its Side Effect
As a result of the FMD crisis, one more zooanthroponosis, disease that can occur in both human being and livestock broke out. HIV/AIDS and mad cow disease are well known zooanthroponosis in the world. Many kinds of animal viruses are still trying to go inside the human body. Secondary environment pollution because of the mass cull of the diseased cattle is another severe problem of FMD crisis. Contaminating the underground water and the source water because of leachate and decomposition of carcass are most concerned. In other part of society, people worry about animal’s right. In an Old Testament era, animals were regarded as holy creatures for worship and the vegetarian diet was recommended. According to Animals Protection Act, we have an obligation to minimize and relieve animal’s pain if it has well-developed nervous system and can feel pain.
Christian’s Confession of Faith on the FMD Crisis